Dr Thiyagarajan Babu* (Accepted paper by IOSR Journal- Exerpts)

Tears and perspiration are the accepted process of eye organ and skin respectively for any human beings owing to emotional issues and physical strain or both. There were copious literatures accessible on the products linked with the tears and perspiration processes. Huge volume of literature quoted tears was secreted by the lachrymal glands involving complex body mechanism. Similarly the role of sweat glands and duct glands were put up with for perspiration process. I am to contradict those literatures as the tears and perspiration are formed at the inner layer of the eyes and outer layer of the skin respectively involving chemical reactions with an atmospheric molecule. The plain common sense poked me this discovery as they were produced outside the body hence the mechanism of tears and perspiration needed better explanations scientifically. My simple two instruments namely pH meter and ORP (Oxidation Reduction Potential) meter unopened this mystery that tears were formed with an outside molecule and lachrymal glands secreted products that protect eyes as cellular water. The sweat formation was a similar process outside the skin but with a function of antibiotic secretions wherever sweat glands were present (E.g. armpit). Nasal fluid formation was also found to be involved with the identical process. My theory ultimately concludes that all animals are prone for watery secretions outside the body especially eyes.

Human consume water and the ordinary water was converted as cellular water to help various tissues function and also reduce the surface tension. The water we consume varies to a large extent from the water that soaks the cells and tissues in the human body. It is necessary; therefore, the body cells reduce the surface tension of water we consume to pass nutrients through cell walls, and to pass toxins out of the cells. If we cannot adapt water into the structure of cellular water, it goes by from end to end and human cells may be shrunken want of water. The ordinary drinking water and the cellular water around the cells have different surface tension around 73 dynes/cm and 45 dynes/cm respectively (Source: The water that soaks the cells greases the cornea and conjunctiva besides keeping the cornea moist to give out as a conduit for the entry of polymorphonuclear leucocytes into the cornea. Above and beyond, the cellular water provides antibacterial action and eliminate toxic stuff from the ocular plane. Lachrymal gland secretion that was covered (Wu K, Galina VJ, 2006) over eyes were just a tear film made of cellular water. They were not shed exclusively as tears as the surface tension of cellular water and the tears were varied.

These water molecules have distinctive properties (Fig.1) and made up of minute blend of three nuclei and eight electrons. Cells are filled with two-thirds of water, whilst the remaining third part was made up of extracellular water. The extracellular water was found in the blood plasma and in the interstitial fluid so as to pack the cells. Molecules have certain energy levels and they can be calculated by sensing the molecule's energy switch over through absorbance or emission (Nic, M.; Jirat, J.; Kosata, B., 2006).

These water molecules have a tetrahedral geometry in which the angle between electron pairs (and therefore the H-O-H bond angle) is 109.5.° However, because the two non-bonding pairs remain closer to the oxygen atom, these exert a stronger repulsion against the two covalent bonding pairs, effectively pushing the two hydrogen atoms closer together. The result is a distorted tetrahedral arrangement in which the H—O—H angle is 104.5° (Lide, David R, 2003).
Negatively ionized hydrogen atoms are not found in ordinary water. All water contains hydrogen atoms with a positive charge. The hydrogen protons that are found in ordinary water control the pH or acid-alkaline balance. The negatively charged hydrogen protons are the most powerful electron donors known to chemistry. These atoms are extremely powerful free-radical scavengers. This can be measured with a pH meter. Negative hydrogen ions are normally found in the fluids of healthy living systems rather than water that are found in ordinary mineral or tap water.
Whenever there was a strain of any kind internal or external, the billions of human cells were pressurized and this led to many molecule's energy exchange through absorbance or emission or and human physio-chemical alterations. Biological redox reactions are a result of hydrogen being the essential electron donor, and oxygen being the essential electron acceptor. This can be measured with an ORP meter.
In the human system the biological activity of proteins (of which enzymes are an important subset) is critically dependent not only on their composition but also on the way these huge molecules are folded; this folding involves hydrogen-bonded interactions with water and between different parts of the molecule itself. Anything that disrupts these intra-molecular hydrogen bonds will denature the protein and destroy its biological activity (Source: Water Structure and Properties).
It is worth mentioning that the source of Hydrogen molecules were not only the hydrogen-bonding always involved with water; plus the two parts of the DNA double helix are held together by H—N—H hydrogen bonds (Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, 1997).
Hence, a huge source of Hydrogen molecules exist in the human system..
Thus, the Hydrogen molecules were prone for diffusion when there were pressures in the cells besides their weak property due to its lightest nature unlike other stable molecules like Oxygen. Hydrogen molecules diffuse through the tissues like bullets because of huge number of molecules in search of an exit in the human system.
More and more Hydrogen molecules were built up in the cell in addition to internal and external pressures.
Oxygen as a compound is present in the atmosphere in trace quantities in the form of carbon dioxide (CO2) result of light-independent reactions or Calvin cycle (Bassham J, et al., 1950). Due to Oxygen’s electro-negativity, it forms chemical bonds with almost all other elements at elevated temperatures to give corresponding oxides.

The present thinking, influenced greatly by molecular modeling simulations beginning in the 1980s, is that on a very short time scale (less than a picosecond), water is more like a "gel" consisting of a single, huge hydrogen-bonded cluster. On a 10-12-10-9 sec time scale, rotations and other thermal motions cause individual hydrogen bonds to break and re-form in new configurations, inducing ever-changing local discontinuities whose extent and influence depends on the temperature and pressure (Source: The chance of disintegration of Hydrogen bonds in the cell was pretty imperative because of their weakness and survival time.
Hydrogen is the lightest element of all and its monotomic form (H1) is the most abundant chemical substance (75 per cent of the Universe's baryonic mass) (Finkel. T, Holbrook, 2000). H2+ is composed of two positively charged protons and one negatively charged electron and lack electron–electron repulsion (Fig.1). Being the lightest gas Hydrogen diffuses in the cells as rapidly as possible. Notice that the hydrogen bond is somewhat longer than the covalent O—H bond. This means that it is considerably weaker; it is so weak, in fact, that a given hydrogen bond cannot survive for more than a tiny fraction of a second. This property was one of the great clues for tear formation.
(i) Eyes and Tear Mechanism
Eyes were prone for all kinds of pressures both internally and environmentally as more than ninety per cent of human decisions lay on vision. Once there was a pressure that had to be released which was a natural law. Strain in eyes region inevitably pressurizes the tissues around and that triggers the release of millions of Hydrogen molecules. The lightest Hydrogen molecules were fired like bullets from different tissues and line-up like battalions in search of an exit as said earlier. The exit being the eyes inner layer they make a cloud of Hydrogen molecules. Why did Hydrogen released like bullets? In this context “Hydrogen Bomb principles should be remembered.
A thermonuclear weapon is a nuclear weapon design that uses the heat generated by a fission bomb to compress a nuclear fusion stage. This indirectly results in a greatly increased energy yield—explosive "power". It is colloquially referred to as a hydrogen bomb or H-bomb because it employs hydrogen fusion (Hansen Chuck, 1988). “Hydrogen Bomb” was created by uniting the two Hydrogen molecule nucleuses. If such things happen in human cell due to unimaginable molecule pressure and abnormal elevated cell temperature then, cells would bulge and tear away. Hence the powerful neurotransmitters signal the brain instantly to rush the high potential hydrogen molecules out of cells as fast as possible in order to avoid any collision of two hydrogen molecules in the cell. Released Hydrogen molecules due to various pressure, "stick" to the surface of the tear film (secreted by the lachrymal gland) moving through it. This layer of Hydrogen molecules forms the “Hydrogen cloud” want of negatively charged particles at the the innere layer of eyes. At the surface of the eyes, it was essentially static due to the friction of the surface. The Hydrogen molecules, with its boundary layer were in fact the new shape of the eyes that the rest of the molecules form the new water molecules with the atmospheric Oxygen. This boundary layer could separate from the surface of the eyes’ inner layer, essentially creating a new surface and completely changing the flow path of tears. They get the contact of atmospheric stable Oxygen which was electromagnetic negatively charged molecules. The first tear molecule was formed with a plucking feeling in the human eyes. This led to further bonding of positively charged Hydrogen molecules with negatively charged Oxygen molecules. The chain reaction continues and the tears start shedding due to gravitational pull. As the drops get bigger, their weight deforms them into the typical tear shape.
In general, the liquids drift to the bottom upon mixing. Therefore outside the tear film the cellular water and the tears mix together. And this was the reason many scientists reported tears carried innumerable products and quoted incorrectly as tears were the lachrymal secretions.
I just compare this process with the process of rain drop lets formation in the sky. There was no sac like lachrymal gland to imagine in the sky in order to secrete huge water molecules so as to rain. The atmospheric Hydrogen and Oxygen molecules get associated in the sky forming rain causing clouds and temperature and atmospheric pressure ignite the clouds to drizzle and rain due to gravity. Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then precipitated—that is, become heavy enough to fall under gravity (Robert Penrose Pearce, 2002). The same process happens in human eyes with respect to tears as well as sweat.
I put forth once again strongly that the lachrymal gland secrets only the cellular water to protect the eyes through the tear film.
(ii) Nasal Fluid
Nasal is the part where plenty of Oxygen is always available as human being breath through nasal pipe. Tears sometimes passes through a small opening on the inner side of the eyelid into the nose. Hot and spicy foods stimulate the weak Hydrogen molecules in the cell leading to similar symptoms. It is important to mention nasal fluid does not include filtration, as does the formation of urine by the glomerular kidney (source:
(iii) Perspiration Mechanism
I further clearly substantiate with another process called “Perspiration.” Due to lack of stable Oxygen molecules in the blood, human tissues receive the at most pressure and this led to release of Hydrogen molecules through skin pores in a chain. Chemical bonding that arises from the mutual attraction of oppositely charged Hydrogen and Oxygen molecules. Therefore, Oxygen molecules did not usually exist on own, but will bind with ions of opposite charge to form a water molecule from the atmosphere. Each drop coalesces with adjoining sweat drop leading to increase in drop size and the volume of sweating on the human skin. Human beings were aware that sweat were formed in a line before they sweat and that was the way millions of Hydrogen molecules were pumped out through millions of skin pores. There was no need for scientific depiction of duct lines as sweat glands as many scientists projected till date.
This theory is going to disprove hundreds of years old biochemical tears theories, sweat theories and nasal fluid theories (William H. Frey II, 1985; Benjamin Milder, M.D. 1987) and ought to cease the thousands years of cry on cry, sweat and nasal fluid mechanism. The scientists would realize their erroneous projections since long years and comprehend now that tears were not secreted by lachrymal glands, perspiration was not due to sweat glands and nasal fluid was nothing but tears through a small opening on the inner side of the eyelid into the nose. Tears obviously contain some of the products of cellular water as tear droplets were associated with tear film. Darwin reported in his book “Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals” (Darwin, C., 1872) where observations of recently captured elephants showed no tearing and "the native hunters asserted they had never observed elephants weeping.” I am to contradict his views as release of the Hydrogen molecules create the tears and any animal like Elephant, Whales, Monkeys etc, could develop tears.
I could add many more conclusions associated with my discovery like closing of eyes stops the contact with atmospheric Oxygen and tear formation gradually reduces. A ride on the bike along fresh breeze which was a best source of fresh Oxygen triggers Hydrogen pumping and tears appear profusely in the eyes of the rider. The fire lit before the crying baby limits the availability of atmospheric Oxygen and the baby stops crying for the matter anyone. The dead bodies were advised to burn for the reason it would limit the atmospheric Oxygen availability stopping the sobering kin and kith of the family at grave yard. My list is pretty long and I rather reserve them for future references.
This breakthrough “Noble theory” would certainly create a rush of fresh breeze in the minds of scientists as well as common men / women refreshing for a better scientific thinking towards brighter future. The challenge now lies in the hands of the scientists to prove my theory as many ways as possible and crack all the old hard nuts in the store as literature related to tears, sweat, nasal fluid and scores of literature on water. Good Luck.
Dr Thiyagarajan Babu
* Scientist (Ministry of Textiles)

1. Wu K, Galina VJ, da Costa SR, Sou E, Schechter JE, HammAlvarez SF. Molecular mechanisms of lacrimal acinar secretory vesicle exocytosis. Exp Eye Res., 2006; 83 84-96.
2. Nic, M.; Jirat, J.; Kosata, B., eds., "spectroscopy". IUPAC Compendium of Chemical Terminology (Online ed.), 2006; doi:10.1351/goldbook.{file}. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8).
3. Lide, David R. "Section 4, Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds; Melting, boiling, and critical temperatures of the elements". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (84th ed.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. 2003; ISBN 0-8493-0595-0.
4. Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.).Butterworth–Heinemann, 1997; ISBN 0080379419, p. 28.
5. Bassham J, Benson A, Calvin M, "The path of carbon in photosynthesis". J Biol Chem, 1950; 185 (2): 781–7. PMID 14774424.
6. Finkel T, Holbrook NJ. Oxidants, oxidative stress and the biology of ageing. Nature, 2000;408:239–47.
7. Hansen, Chuck (1988). U.S. nuclear weapons: The secret history. Arlington, TX: Aerofax. ISBN 0-517-56740-7.
8. Robert Penrose Pearce, Meteorology at the Millennium. Academic Press, 2002; p. 66. ISBN 978-0-12-548035-2. Retrieved 2009-01-02.
9. William H. Frey II, Ph.D, The Mystery of Tears Muriel, Langseth, Minneapolis: 1985; Winston Press.
10. Darwin, C. (1872). The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals, 1979; London: Julian Friedman Publishers.


I welcome common men/women, doctors and scientists to support or contradict my finding. Mine is a revolutionary finding and going to make marked change in esp. pharmaceuticals where human Hydrogen and Oxygen molecules play a vital role. And this is the reason some medicines create vomiting and nausea. Whether I will be rewarded for my finding is next issue. At least let the scientist correct the chemistry of tears and sweat as artificial tears (medicines) and many more medicines or based on water molecules facts.
I requested FDA, USA to look into the issue I discovered.
Good Luck,
Dr Thiyagarajan Babu


Anonymous's picture




Hamsaveni's picture


First of all respect women as mother, wife, daughter, sister.
Then comes your theory of science. You are very week in your basic science. Tear glands and sweat glands we have read in our schools and my grandparents use to teach us. There is nothing new.


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